The analysis was recently published on the web by Ophthalmology, the journal of the American Academy of Ophthalmology. Open-position glaucoma , the most common form of the disease, affects almost three million people in the U.S and 60 million worldwide. Vision reduction occurs when glaucoma damages the optic nerve, the part of the eye that transmits pictures from the retina to the mind. Unfortunately, because glaucoma doesn’t have symptoms, many people don't know the disease is had by them until a good portion of their sight has been lost. Early detection is critical to treating glaucoma in time to preserve vision.Shaffner said. This is the first time that a more elaborate organ has been mostly replaced with tissue grown from the patient’s own cells. This suggests that cells engineering may one day be a alternative to the shortage of donor organs in this country for those needing transplants, said Dr. Anthony Atala, the business lead researcher. He said he believes the task provides a model for growing additional tissues and organs. The bladder transplants, performed on seven patients ages 4 to 19, online Tuesday in The Lancet medical journal were being reported. The research team at Children’s Medical center in Boston do the first process in 1999 but wished to make sure it could focus on others. The outcomes weren’t announced as the doctors did the additional surgeries and implemented the improvement of the last individual for nearly two more years.